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Administering User Accounts and Groups

Tools for Adding and Administering User Accounts
Adding User Accounts
The Admintool: User Window
Administering User Accounts
Setting Up and Administering Groups
Solaris User Registration

THIS CHAPTER DESCRIBES HOW TO SET UP AND ADMINISTER USER ACCOUNTS AND groups by using Admintool. You can use Admintool to edit only files in the local /etc directory. Functionality that enabled you to edit NIS+ databases and view NIS maps from Admintool has been moved into the unbundled Solstice AdminSuite product.

NOTE:  Solaris 2.x provides the following SVR4 useradd commands: useradd, userdel, usermod, groupadd, groupmod, and groupdel. Because these commands are only minimally network-aware, they are not described in this chapter. If you want to use these commands to administer user accounts on standalone systems, refer to the appropriate manual pages.

Tools for Adding and Administering User Accounts

Table 7-1 lists the recommended tools for adding and administering user accounts on systems with a graphics monitor running an X Window system such as CDE or OpenWindows.

Table 7-1 Recommended Tools for Administering User Accounts

Environment Recommended Tool Availability/Documentation
Remote and/or local systems in a networked, name service (NIS, NIS+) environment User and Group Manager (graphical user interface) from the Solstice AdminSuite Available as a separate product. Refer to the Solstice AdminSuite 2.3 Administration Guide.
Local system Admintool (graphical user interface) Provided with Solaris 2.6. Instructions provided in this chapter.
Command-line Terminal window (CDE Environment) or shell tool or command tool (OpenWIndows Environment) Provided with Solaris 2.6. See Table 7-2 for a list of available commands. Refer to the appropriate manual pages.

You can add and administer user accounts from the command line if you choose not to use Admintool or the Solstice AdminSuite. Table 7-2 lists the Solaris commands you can use to administer user accounts.

Table 7-2 Using Solaris Commands to Administer User Accounts

Task Name Service Commands
Add a user account NIS + nistbladm
NIS useradd
None useradd
Modify a user account NIS+ nistbladm
NIS usermod
None usermod
Delete a user account NIS+ nistbladm
NIS userdel
None userdel
Set up user account defaults NIS+ not available
NIS useradd -D
None useradd -D
Disable a user account NIS+ nistbladm
NIS passwd -r nis -l
None passwd -r files -l
Change a user's password NIS+ passwd -r nisplus
NIS passwd -r nis
None passwd -r files
Sort user accounts NIS+ niscat
NIS ypcat
None awk
Find a user account NIS+ nismatch
NIS ypmatch
None grep
Add a group NIS+ nistbladm
NIS groupadd
None groupadd
Modify users in a group NIS+ nistbladm
NIS groupmod
None groupmod
Delete a group NIS+ nistbladm
NIS groupdel
None groupdel

The following sections describe how to use Admintool to add and delete user accounts.

You may find it useful to create a form from the following checklist to ensure that you have all the needed information about a user account before you create it:

  User name
  Primary group
  Secondary groups
  Default shell
  Password status and aging
  Home directory server name
  Home directory path name
  Mounting method
  Permissions on home directory
  Mail server
  Department name
  Department administrator
  Employee name
  Employee title
  Employee status
  Employee number
  Start date

Adding User Accounts

Before you add users to the network, the users' systems must be installed and configured. When appropriate, NIS+ or NIS software should be installed and running on the network. (Only 4.x systems can be NIS servers. You can have either 4. x or 5. x systems installed as NIS clients.)

Adding users so that they can log in and start working has two steps: setting up the user account and providing the user with a working environment.

When you set up a user account, you

  Edit the /etc/passwd file
  Define the user's group(s)
  Create a home directory
  Define the user's environment
  Create a password

The next sections provide background information and describe how to do these tasks.

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